Produced by J. J. Abrams, Bryan Burk, Tom Cruise, David Ellison, Dana Goldberg and Don Granger
Screenplay by Christopher McQuarrie
Story by Christopher McQuarrie and Drew Pearce
Starring Tom Cruise, Jeremy Renner, Simon Pegg, Rebecca Ferguson and Ving Rhames
In the film, IMF agent Ethan Hunt (Cruise) is on the run from the CIA, following the IMF's disbandment as he tries to prove the existence of the Syndicate, an international criminal consortium. -Wikipedia
The vinyl store is sadly just an invention. In reality it was a dry cleaning business, Classi Clean, 5 Air Street, now gone.
Hunt phones the IMF organisation from one of those very boxes on Great Windmill Street off Shaftesbury Avenue. The boxes are real, but there's some set dressing.
Ilsa on Westminster Bridge.
King’s Cross Station, where the IMF team meets up with Ilsa and where Benji gets abducted. The open, and very empty, concourse in front of platforms 4 to 8 was disguised with plenty of set dressing, and little of what you can see exists apart from the trains. This is what I could figure out.
The return of Benji is staged at a terrace restaurant on the Thames riverside in front of the Tower of London, and in the shadow of the Victorian Gothic Tower Bridge.